UTTAR PRADESH-UP HIGHER JUDICIAL SERVICES (MAINS) EXAMINATION 2009
Translate the following paragraph from English to Hindi
The individual is the passenger in the chariot of the material body, and intelligence is the driver. Mind is the driving instrument, and the senses are the horses. The self is thus the enjoyer or sufferer in the association of the mind and senses. So, it is understood by great thinkers.
The individual consiciouness or the life particle is compared to the passenger because he is the chief occupant and thus enjouer or sufferer of the journey. The horses indicate the senses that always drag the chariot of the human body to the objects of the senses. Intelligence is compared to he driver because the driver employs necassary discrimination for a successful and comfortable journey. Reins are compared to the mind because they are directly connected to the horses(senses) and are guided by the driver (intelligence). An able driver (intelligence) takes to properly guide the chariot towards its destination by discrimination. In this way the passenger or the soul can reach the desired destination by proper use of all the faculties . On the other hand, if any of the faculties are not controlled and coordinated properly in the hierarchy ,sooner or later there may be an accident.
Many spiritual traditions of the world, specifically the Vedic tradition of India have proclaimed that conciousness is a distinct reality in nature other than particles and waves. Some modern scientists have also supported this ancient wisdom. For example, Thomas Huxley remarked, &quot;It seems to me pretty plain that there is a third thing in the universe, to writ, consicouness, which..... I of either.&quot; Similar observation is echoed in the words of the renowned physicist , Eugene, Wigene, Wiger, who started, &quot;There are two kinds of reality or existence; the existence of my conciousness and the reality or existence of everything else.&quot;
According to Vedanta, Human activities are carried out by the will of the concious life particle, which is then translated through the intelligence and mind to the human body. Mind intersacts with bisy through the brain. The brain is like the central processing unit of a computer where all signals for activites come in and also go out, but it functions according to the will of the programmer. John Eccles suggested phychon as the fundamental unit of the mind and it interacts with the brain through dendrons. Karl Probram has suggested that psychon is something like a Gabor functions, a wave functions. However, Vendata indicates that the life particle lies beyond particle and intelligence is a highly complex interaction and may will lie beyond the scope of modern science.
It will be narural that modrn biologists and biochemists should include that study of consciousness in their research works. The field should not be left mainly to the neuroscientists, quantum physicists, psychologists and philosophers only